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Kigo Thinkers,

  • Agriculture in Uganda

     

     

    “Agriculture is the backbone of Uganda’s economy” is a popular assertion that has made it all the way into Uganda’s State of the Nation addresses which the current President of Uganda, His Excellency Yoweri Kagutta Museveni has given, such as the one of 2011. The Government of Uganda (GoU) (Ministry of agriculture, animal industry and fisheries, 2013)defines agriculture as “the growing of crops, livestock or fish" Others (National Geographic, 2015)define agriculture in a more explicit and a more encompassing manner as “the art and science of cultivating the soil, growing crops and raising livestock.” The GoU’s definition of agriculture allows a deduction that Uganda’s agriculture sector includes crops, livestock, agro-forestry and fishing activities. Although not specifically stated in the GoU’s definition, soil cultivation and management are implied as components of Uganda’s agriculture. Uganda’s agriculture is mostly soil based – crops are primarily grown in soils and animals are reared on the land.

  • NRM’s Hoe Project Vs FDC’s Tractor Project

     

    Whereas a hoe is among the symbols in the emblem of the Democratic Party (DP) of Uganda, during Uganda’s presidential elections of 2016, the hoe was catapulted into mainstream national political debate by the ruling party, the National Resistance Movement Organisation (NRMO). Presidential Candidate and also the President of Uganda, His Excellency President Yoweri Kagutta Museveni, pledged and fulfilled his pledge of distributing 18 million hoes countrywide. He argued that hoes would boost food security and incomes for small land owners and would gradually transform Uganda from an agrarian to an industrial economy by 2040. With the retail price of a hoe standing at 10 thousand shillings per piece, 18 million hoes would cost 180 billion shillings, which is about 30 per cent of Uganda’s Ministry of Agriculture Animal Industries and Fisheries budget for Uganda’s fiscal year ending June 2016. (Source: Daily Monitor). Other analysts, however, priced a hoe at 25 thousand shillings per piece and therefore estimated the NRM’s hoe project to cost 450 billion shillings.