CPAR Uganda Ltd

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Uganda National Budgets and Agriculture 

In this analysis I rely heavily on national budget analyses that have been done by the Civil Society Budget Advocacy Group (CSBAG 2016) as the source of budget figures. The figures of interest for this paper are presented here below:

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Rural and Urban in Uganda 

Introduction: How may one appreciate what is considered rural and urban in Uganda? This is the question that I attempt to answer in this analysis. I do so by using, as an example, Teso - the area (Teso - Uganda Maps 2016), which is in Eastern Uganda and Iteso - the people; from whom am descended. Since the main synthesis paper to which this analysis contributes is on smallholder farmers and is on agriculture, I particularly use the example of the food system of my people and the changes that have occurred in it. I am assisted in this by the book: The Iteso (Lawrance 1957), from which I borrow significantly.

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Rethinking Uganda’s Land Question 

Introduction:

Norah Owaraga wrote this short paper on request and sponsorship of the Makerere University Business School (MUBS) in partnership with Friedrich Ebert Stiftung for presentation at the 15th Public Economic Forum that was held at Protea Hotel, Kampala on 5th May 2016. The theme of the forum was: “Rethinking the land question, food security and agricultural transformation in Uganda.” This paper was specifically requested as a response to the forum’s session on “land tenure, access to land, and food security in Uganda.”

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NRM’s Hoe Project Vs FDC’s Tractor Project

 

Whereas a hoe is among the symbols in the emblem of the Democratic Party (DP) of Uganda, during Uganda’s presidential elections of 2016, the hoe was catapulted into mainstream national political debate by the ruling party, the National Resistance Movement Organisation (NRMO). Presidential Candidate and also the President of Uganda, His Excellency President Yoweri Kagutta Museveni, pledged and fulfilled his pledge of distributing 18 million hoes countrywide. He argued that hoes would boost food security and incomes for small land owners and would gradually transform Uganda from an agrarian to an industrial economy by 2040. With the retail price of a hoe standing at 10 thousand shillings per piece, 18 million hoes would cost 180 billion shillings, which is about 30 per cent of Uganda’s Ministry of Agriculture Animal Industries and Fisheries budget for Uganda’s fiscal year ending June 2016. (Source: Daily Monitor). Other analysts, however, priced a hoe at 25 thousand shillings per piece and therefore estimated the NRM’s hoe project to cost 450 billion shillings.

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Agriculture in Uganda

 

 

“Agriculture is the backbone of Uganda’s economy” is a popular assertion that has made it all the way into Uganda’s State of the Nation addresses which the current President of Uganda, His Excellency Yoweri Kagutta Museveni has given, such as the one of 2011. The Government of Uganda (GoU) (Ministry of agriculture, animal industry and fisheries, 2013) defines agriculture as “the growing of crops, livestock or fish" Others (National Geographic, 2015) define agriculture in a more explicit and a more encompassing manner as “the art and science of cultivating the soil, growing crops and raising livestock.” The GoU’s definition of agriculture allows a deduction that Uganda’s agriculture sector includes crops, livestock, agro-forestry and fishing activities. Although not specifically stated in the GoU’s definition, soil cultivation and management are implied as components of Uganda’s agriculture. Uganda’s agriculture is mostly soil based – crops are primarily grown in soils and animals are reared on the land.

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A Case For Agricultural Centres Of Excellence (ACES) For Uganda


ACES

Over 80 percent of Ugandans live in rural areas and are engaged in farming. Uganda’s rural economy is in fact characterised by communities trading in agricultural produce, especially food items. In essence, seemingly, every farmer in Uganda is a business person.

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Collective Marketing For Small Holder Farmers A Solution For Improving Livelihoods

Collective Marketing

"We sold our sorghum at 700 shillings per kilogram when other farmers in our area sold theirs at only 500 shillings per kilogram."

Par Pi Ocan Farmer Field School (FFS) group comprises of 30 farmers (10 men and 20 women) who came together in 2009 to work as a group and to help each other. This increased our social capital, particularly old women who were not be able to undertake some activities and were missing opportunities. As a group, we selected sorghum – of the Epuripuri variety – as the key crop for us to focus on for collective marketing. Individual group members bought the seeds from agents of the Farmers’ Centre – 14 members (11 women and 3 men) and they successfully produced and bulked 1,680 kilograms of sorghum.

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Facilitating Food Sovereignty And Food Security

Food Security

Cassava is a major staple of the Lango people of Northern Uganda and thus of members of Kony Wa Women’s Farmer Field School (FFS). For years members of the FFS, just like other community members in Alebtong District, had been growing poor performing cassava varieties largely due to the high prevalence of Cassava Brown Streak and the Cassava Mossaic Virus diseases.  After joining the Farmers First (FF) Programme, the FFS in 2012 received from CPAR Uganda training on cassava agronomy and cassava cuttings of variety MM/96/4271 variety (NASE 14) for multiplication. This variety is resistant to brown streak virus and cassava mosaic virus which greatly impair yields of all other available cultivars in Lango. This variety is also high yielding and quick maturing with farmers testifying that tubers are ready for eating within a period of only nine months from planting.

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